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Integrating Writing and Mathematics Students have to be taught how to write. In fact, there is evidence that student writing achievement has been stagnant for years.
Current expectations outlined in most state standards and the Common Core State Standards suggest that students need to write opinions and arguments with evidence, write informational pieces that include details, and write narratives that are highly descriptive. Writing is something that students should do routinely.
As part of the literacy block, teachers provide focused instruction on the composing process. This includes attention to genre, structure, mechanics, and voice. Teachers model the composing process for their students and provide students time to write during school. They also engage students in writing conferences and encourage peer reviews of written products e.
However, writing cannot be limited to the literacy block if students are to succeed. Given the increased attention and focus on writing as a performance assessment tool, wise teachers frequently check for understanding through student writing, and they do so across the content areas.
In this column, we focus on three instructional routines that teachers can use to facilitate student writing across the day.
As with reading, fluency is one aspect that needs to be considered. The purpose is to get students to put ideas down on paper quickly and accurately. During content area instruction, teachers can integrate a simple daily routine of three one-minute rounds of fluency-building experiences.
This will ensure that students have daily practice with writing, which addresses part of the requirements of Writing Anchor Standard 10, the part focused on shorter time frames.
A content area word or phrase is posted on the board, and students are asked to use it somewhere in their writing. The timer is set, and writing begins until it rings a minute later.
When time is up, students reread what they have written, circling any errors they notice, then count and record the number of words in the margin.
This routine is repeated two more times, until students have three one-minute writing samples in their journals. They then record the highest number of words written often it is the third sample on a sheet of graph paper kept in their notebook.
This accomplishes several things for teachers and students. First, and perhaps most obviously, student writing fluency improves with practice. For example, the fourth graders who focused on fluency writing in the Kasper-Ferguson and Moxley study averaged 10 words per minute, and with graphing their fluency writing activities, they increased to 25 words written per minute, with one student consistently writing 60 words per minute.
Second, students think about the content while they are writing. In fact, students often report that they understand the content a bit better once they have written about it. For example, the students in Mr. Mutawali wrote the following: We got two of them. The shape is like our reading table.
They is 5 inches. Morton could tell that Mutawali remembered key details. Third, power writing provides teachers with information about student error patterns.
When pressed for speed, all writers will make errors. Taking note of this allows Mr. Morton to plan subsequent instruction, likely as part of the literacy block, to help Mutawali produce academic writing.The following documents and images are samples of ways to integrate writing into course content across the disciplines.
These activities can be short, minute discussions, or they can be expanded into full, class-length exercises. writing across the curriculum high school teacher handbook 3 Gere () distinguishes between the terms “writing across the curriculum” and “writing to learn” by the primary purpose of each.
Resource Topics Teaching Writing - Writing across the Curriculum Additional Resources Conversation Currents: Writing: A Mode of Thinking. Language Arts, July Jane Hansen, director of the Central Virginia Writing Project, and Danling Fu, a professor of literacy education at the University of Florida, discuss writing in today's .
Resources for adult basic education teachers and tutors, ESL, GED and HiSET preparation, Career Pathways, and College and Career Readiness Standards. Writing Across the Curriculum. The best way to teach is the way that makes sense to you, your kids, and your community. Six Traits, Writing Process, and Writer’s Workshop on a daily basis in their classrooms, so stu-dents will already be familiar with these approaches.
If you use them too, adding writing to your. Preface: Writing Across the Curriculum – Social Studies Writing: An Important Element in Learning Social Studies Teachers of social studies are faced with the task of assisting students in the acquisition of.