A lively interview colleagues and I conducted in with Jorge Luis Borges. We talked about the philosophers who have influenced him and his work. You can view the transcript and hear the audio here.
Traditional folktales never were. There are some good guys. There are some bad guys. The good guys win. The good guys are usually scrappy amateurs; the bad guys usually well-organized professionals with typical fascist precision.
The good guys usually demonstrate a respect for human life and the bonds of friendship; the bad guys betray their citizens and their underlings with equal abandon.
They gain their good guy or bad guy status by either following the universal law, or breaking it. Neither the Greeks nor Trojans are especially good nor villainous.
The Trojans lose some points for kidnapping a woman, but the Greeks lose some points for killing and enslaving an entire city. Neither side is scrappier or more professional than the other.
Neither seems to treat civilians better or demonstrate more loyalty. Nor was it on the mind of the authors of Mahabharata, the Norse sagas, Jack and the Beanstalk, et cetera. The article concludes this is because of nationalism. Nation-states wanted their soldiers to imagine themselves as fighting on the side of good, against innately-evil cartoon-villain enemies.
This was so compelling a vision that it shaped culture from then on: A Global History of Concentration Campsabout the rise of the idea that people on opposite sides of conflicts have different moral qualities, she told me: In short, we are rehearsing the idea that moral qualities belong to categories of people rather than individuals.
What are we to think of this? Robin Hood started stealing from the rich to give to the poor as early as the edition of his tale. The Mayan Hero Twins? Are there any differences between the way ancients and moderns looked at this?
Maybe modern stories seem more likely to have two clear sides eg made up of multiple different people separated by moral character. Villains as opposed to monsters, or beings that are evil by their very nature seem more modern. So does the idea of heroes as necessarily scrappy, and villains as necessarily well-organized.
And just eyeballing it, modern stories seem to use this plot a lot more, and to have less deviation from the formula. The past stories seem much more conducive to blind nationalism than our own.
The amorality of the warriors in the Iliad manifested as total loyalty: Hector fought for Troy not because Troy was in the right, but because he was a Trojan. Achilles fought for Greece not because he believed in the Greek cause, but because that was his side and he was sticking to it.
What more could a nationalist want? In contrast, the whole point of modern good-vs-evil is that you should choose sides based on principle rather than loyalty.When we meet for the first time at a Midtown Barnes & Noble, paranormal investigator Dan Sturges is dressed in loose-fitting blue jeans and a short-sleeve shirt that exposes his thick arms and tattoos.
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The Byzantine Empire, also referred to as the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium, was the continuation of the Roman Empire in its eastern provinces during Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages, when its capital city was Constantinople (modern-day Istanbul, which had been founded as Byzantium).It survived the fragmentation and fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD and continued .
Transitional words and phrases can create powerful links between ideas in your paper and can help your reader understand the logic of your paper.
However, these words all have different meanings, nuances, and connotations. Before using a particular transitional word in your paper, be sure you.
Many thanks to the editors of the New York Times for naming my Joyce Hatto essay, “Shoot the Piano Player,” as one of the paper’s “Notable Op-Eds of the Year.”It was only op-ed given that honor for January or February, and so heads the Times’s chronological list. Personal Narrative Genre: Sample Personal Narratives.
These personal narrative samples were all written by sixth grade students. These pieces are excellent examples of personal narratives, but as with all writing, even the most famous masterpieces, there is room for revision.