This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. Abstract Thousands of literatures have described the diverse role of ginseng in physiological processes such as cancer, neurodegenerative disorders, insulin resistance, and hypertension. In particular, ginseng has been extensively reported to maintain homeostasis of the immune system and to enhance resistance to illness or microbial attacks through the regulation of immune system. Immune system comprises of different types of cells fulfilling their own specialized functions, and each type of the immune cells is differentially influenced and may be simultaneously controlled by ginseng treatment.
Research Reviews Review Questions Ginseng's Role in Exercise American scientists who reviewed 35 recent in vivo studies of ginseng concluded that the quality of clinical research in this area is too low to serve as convincing evidence of ginseng's efficacy in improving human physical performance Bahrke et al.
The papers reviewed were animal and clinical studies utilizing a variety of ginseng species including Korean [Panax ginseng C. Meyer, Araliaceae]; American [P. Siberian ginseng [Eleutherococcus senticosus Rupr.
Maxim, Araliaceae] published between and Sixteen evaluated ginseng's effect on exercise performance in humans. The recent animal studies reviewed bolstered earlier findings that ginseng significantly increases aerobic endurance in rats and mice, apparently by altering the way the body uses fuel.
One new finding indicates that ginseng also may boost animals' exercise performance by increasing muscle mass. However, human trials of ginseng often fail to confirm the positive effects observed Ginseng research papers animal studies.
The reviewers speculate that poor compliance rates, lower doses, or the failure of animal researchers to employ double-blind designs may explain this pattern.
The review focused on 16 clinical trials of ginseng's effect on exercise performance, most of which involved athletes or fit, healthy participants.
Eleven studies utilizing various ginseng species reported that ginseng had no significant effect on any measures of psychological or physiological response to exertion. One study reported improved endurance, recovery time, and reaction time in people taking ginseng, but failed to present a statistical analysis of significance.
Ginseng did not reduce blood lactate levels during exercise in any of the studies. According to the review authors, these mixed results might be attributable to variations among ginseng species as well as the quality of ginseng preparations used, which may be affected by the plant's age and growing environment, season of harvest, and post-harvest processing.
In the studies reviewed, researchers failed to use standardized preparations, failed to report these data, or relied on manufacturers' standardization claims instead of their own chemical analyses. The reviewers stressed that these and other problems are significant limitations to the credibility and repeatability of these studies.
Global Organic Ginseng Market Research Report The global Organic Ginseng market is valued at USD XX million in and is expected to reach USD XX million by the end of , growing at a. Nov 13, · Ginseng research aims to define, categorize, and estimate the size of Ginseng market depending upon the business profile, Ginseng product type, end-user, and top geographical regions. The superiority of 6-years-grown Korean Ginseng has been extensively proven by modern scientific research. Hence, KGC has made it our strict rule over the past years to use only 6-years-grown, fully matured Korean Ginseng, in order to produce the finest Korean Red Ginseng in the world.
The authors also claim that recent analysis has suggested that methylxanthines such as caffeine, theophylline, and theobromine are present in ginseng in widely varying amounts and may influence study results.
Ginseng does not contain caffeine. The research cited actually shows that some commercial ginseng supplements tested positive for caffeine, presumably because the product was formulated to contain caffeine.
The authors of the review studies conducted no assays to determine levels of methylxanthine compounds in the test formulations they used.
In summary, the authors were highly critical of the current body of ginseng research, citing "numerous statistical and design problems" and "various methodological problems such as inadequate sample size and lack of double-blind, control and placebo paradigms. The reviewers assert that future research must address these issues before any conclusions may be drawn about ginseng's effects on human physical performance.
Evaluation of the ergogenic properties of ginseng. Sports Medicine ; 29 2:American Ginseng is an amazing American medicinal plant of great value to rural communities, as a sustainable non-timber resource for both landowners and the National Forest Service, and if managed and protected, ginseng can be a sustainable source of wild medicine for future generations.
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Search for more papers by this author, Sung Eun Chang. Department of Dermatology, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea. Search for more papers by this author Journal of Ginseng Research, Vol.
41, No. 2. Ginseng on Nuclear Hormone Receptors. Ginseng, Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer, is a well-known Chinese traditional medicine.
There have been more than original papers There have been more than original papers in Chinese and in English during the last 10 years in China. Rex Research was established in by Robert A. Nelson to archive and distribute " InFolios " -- Information Folios -- of collected Articles about suppressed, dormant, or emerging Sciences, Technologies, Inventions, Theories, Therapies, & other.
Research on the effects of ginseng on mice suggests a possible link between ginseng and the treatment and prevention of influenza and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).