Election and Politicians The term gerrymandering refers to the practice of altering voting districts in order to achieve electoral results favorable to one person or party, usually the incumbent politician or party creating the new voting regions. This essay will argue that politicians are manipulators, as evidenced by the gerrymandering of voting districts to improve odds of maintaining power, and opposition attempts to counteract this electoral maneuvering. Rather than have one district elect a Republican, these votes are negated by the Democratic votes in both districts, and two Democrats are elected. The combination of these two gerrymandering options allows incumbent politicians to significantly improve their reelection bids.
Nevertheless, the -mander suffix has been applied to particular malapportionments. Sometimes political representatives use both gerrymandering and malapportionment to try to maintain power.
The caricature satirizes the bizarre shape of a district in Essex County, Gerrymandering election and politiciansas a dragon-like "monster".
The word gerrymander originally written Gerry-mander was used for the first time in the Boston Gazette on 26 March When mapped, one of the contorted districts in the Boston area was said to resemble the shape of a mythological salamander.
The redistricting was a notable success. Although in the election both the Massachusetts House and governorship were won by Federalists by a comfortable margin and cost Gerry his job, the redistricted state senate remained firmly in Democratic-Republican hands.
Historians widely believe that the Federalist newspaper editors Nathan Haleand Benjamin and John Russell coined the term, but the historical record does not have definitive evidence as to who created or uttered the word for the first time.
This cartoon was most likely drawn by Elkanah Tisdalean early 19th-century painter, designer, and engraver Gerrymandering election and politicians was living in Boston at the time. Gerrymandering soon began to be used to describe not only the original Massachusetts example, but also other cases of district shape manipulation for partisan gain in other states.
From time to time, other names are given the "-mander" suffix to tie a particular effort to a particular politician or group. Societies whose legislatures use a single-winner electoral system are the most likely to have political parties that gerrymander for advantage.
In proportional-election systemswhere political parties are represented in proportion to the total numbers of votes they receive, gerrymandering has little or less significance. Some countries, such as Australia, Canadaand the UK, authorize non-partisan organizations to set constituency boundaries in an attempt to prevent gerrymandering.
Gerrymandering is most common in countries where elected politicians are responsible for defining constituency boundaries. They have an obvious and immediate interest in the outcome of the process.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message This satirical map reflects the origin of the word "gerrymander", by Elkanah Tisdale in When the party controlling the districting process has a statewide majority, packing is usually not necessary to attain partisan advantage; the minority party can generally be "cracked" everywhere.
Packing is therefore more likely to be used for partisan advantage when the party controlling the districting process has a statewide minority, because by forfeiting a few districts packed with the opposition, cracking can be used in forming the remaining districts. This is often employed against politicians who represent multiple urban areas, in which larger cities will be removed from the district in order to make the district more rural.
These tactics are typically combined in some form, creating a few "forfeit" seats for packed voters of one type in order to secure more seats and greater representation for voters of another type. This results in candidates of one party the one responsible for the gerrymandering winning by small majorities in most of the districts, and another party winning by a large majority in only a few of the districts.
Examples of gerrymandered districts[ edit ] This article has multiple issues. Please help improve it or discuss these issues on the talk page. November The examples and perspective in this section may not represent a worldwide view of the subject. You may improve this articlediscuss the issue on the talk pageor create a new articleas appropriate.
The district has predominantly African-American residents who vote for Democrats. The district comprised a selection of people and communities favourable to the Republican Party.
It was redrawn from the version shown after the census. Tom DeLaya Republican. A packed seat of Republicans based on past results of its many voting districts, it features a two necks and a counter-projection. The odd shapes — distended projections and non-natural feature-based wiggly boundaries — of California Senate districts in southern California have led to complaints of gerrymandering.
The predominantly Democratic city of Salt Lake City was connected to predominantly Republican eastern and southern Utah through a thin sliver of land running through Utah County.
Nevertheless, Matheson continued to be re-elected.
Inthe legislature created new congressional districts that combined conservative rural areas with more urban areas to dilute Democratic votes.
It was redrawn in The district is considered to be one of the most gerrymandered districts in North Carolina and the United States as a whole.Voters are stripping partisan redistricting power from politicians in anti-gerrymandering efforts.
By Katie Zezima and.
in Wisconsin and one made by Democrats in Maryland intact for Election. Asking legislators to stop gerrymandering means asking politicians to surrender political advantage.
Michigan is one of just 10 states that provide for partisan election of . You were supposed to protect the gerrymandering! Good Luck in the Next Election! He said the party deadline for nominating candidates .
And gerrymandering has become a front-page issue nationwide, fueled by Barack Obama and other leading Democrats who Politicians, Voters, and Gerrymandering | Cato Institute Skip to main content. With this data, gerrymandering politicians can predict the voting behavior of each potential district with an astonishing degree of precision, leaving little chance for creating an accidentally competitive district.
International election observers from the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe Office for Democratic. And gerrymandering has become a front-page issue nationwide, fueled by Barack Obama and other leading Democrats who have decried Republicans’ fiendish ingenuity in stacking the process to their.