Conquistadors Searching for gold and glory and finding something else Soon after Christopher Columbus arrived in the Americas inthe Spanish began to hear stories of civilizations with immense riches. When they ventured onto the mainland, they found an immense landscape that was already home to tens of thousands of American Indians.
Starving, dehydrated, and desperate, he is the first European to set foot on the soil of the future Lone Star state.
The survivors then cobbled together five flimsy boats and headed to sea, where they endured vicious storms, severe shortages of food and water, and attacks from Indians wherever they put to shore.
During the next four years, the party barely managed to eke out a tenuous existence by trading with the Indians located in modern-day east Texas.
The crew steadily died off from illness, accidents, and attacks until only Cabeza de Vaca and three others remained. Inthe four survivors set out on an arduous journey across the present-day states of Texas, New Mexicoand Arizona.
Captured by the Karankawa Indians, they lived in virtual slavery for nearly two years.
Only after Cabeza de Vaca had won the respect of the Karankawa by becoming a skilled medicine man and diplomat did the small band win their freedom. Inthe men encountered a party of Spanish slave hunters in what is now the Mexican state of Sinaloa.
They followed them back to Mexico City, where the tale of their amazing odyssey became famous throughout the colony and in Europe.
Despite the many hardships experienced by Cabeza de Vaca and his men during their northern travels, their stories inspired others to intensify exploration of the region that would one day become Texas.CABEZA DE VACA, ÁLVAR NÚÑEZ (ca. –ca. ).
Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, an early explorer and first historian of Texas, was born in Jerez de la Frontera, an Andalusian province in the south of Spain near Cádiz. Explorer Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca spent eight years in the Gulf region of present-day Texas and was treasurer to the Spanish expedition under de Narváez.
Álvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca. When Cabeza de Vaca joined fellow Spanish explorer Pánfilo de Narváez on an expedition to conquer and colonize the North American Gulf Coast in , he began a journey that would take more than eight years to complete.
ALL TEXES History STUDY. PLAY. Bantu Migrations. Cabeza de Vaca. Early explorer and first historian of Texas. Pineda. Spanish explorer and cartographer who was first documented in Texas history.
In , Alonso Alvarez de Pineda had led several expeditions to map the western coastlines of the Gulf of Mexico, from the Yucatán. Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca: Álvar Núñez Cabeza de Vaca, Spanish explorer who spent eight years in the Gulf region of present-day Texas.
Núñez was treasurer to the Spanish expedition under Pánfilo de Narváez that reached what is now Tampa Bay, Florida, in By September all but his party of 60 had perished; it reached the.
Kids and older students will find a suite of colorful interactive learning activities in “Through the Eyes of the Explorer: Cabeza de Vaca on the South Texas Plains.” Teach provides a useful lesson plan for history and geography .