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Various concerns lead to the demise of the Articles of Confederation and the adoption of the United States Constitution. Discuss these concerns and the compromises that were made to arrive at the Constitution that is still in place today in the United States.
The Articles of Confederation established the first governmental structure unifying the thirteen colonies and went into effect on March 1, Its purpose was to create a confederation of states where each state could maintain its personal freedom, independence and every power.
While this document was effective in many aspects it did have its pitfalls and it was these pitfalls that lead to the Articles of Confederation's replacement by the Constitution on March 4th, James Madison, a federalist, expressed the importance of this reform by saying that the best the country could do at that point in time would be to avoid the errors suggested by the past experience of other countries and the errors from their own document The concerns regarding the Articles of confederation were extensive and the compromises that the Constitution then provided in return were even more so.
The need for compromise was long awaited and the desperation for a document of higher potency was craved by the people of the US many years before the Constitution was even written.
This desperation can be detected quite effortlessly by a letter from George Washington to James Madison in November of Document 1. In the letter Washington expresses his apprehension regarding the current path of the country when he says, "We are fast verging to anarchy and confusion!
How melancholy is the reflection, that in so short a space, we should have made such large strides towards fulfilling the prediction of our transatlantic foe! Several of these major pitfalls concerns of the Articles of confederation are depicted in a piece of artwork titled, "Rough Sailing Ahead?
In this piece a sail boat represents the Articles of Confederation and a number of concerns are depicted as waves crashing up against the boat symbolizing rough times ahead.
Some of these concerns include "no national court system, no power to enforce treaties, no power to enforce laws, no power to raise an army, and no power to collect taxes" These five concerns are vital to the success of a country and therefore their lacking presence in the Articles of Confederation was great reason for concern and a great push towards a document that could more powerfully and fortuitously serve the country.
A major concern when conceiving the Constitution was how exactly to provide the rights depicted in the artwork titled "Rough Sailing Ahead? One specific piece of the Constitution that was a major component to the rights and structure of states in this country can be seen in Article 1.
This portion of the Constitution discusses a compromise that had to be made in order to retain the safety and cooperation as a unit. This section states that without the consent of Congress states may not lay any Duty of tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or with a foreign power, or engage in war unless invaded or if in imminent danger.
It may seem that this takes away from the rights that the Constitution was trying to provide however it is important that the constitution kept in mind the safety of the country as a whole and thus this compromise was inevitable.
In September of the Constitution had been written but previous to its completion much deliberation went into its contents. In the Debate over Ratification of the United States Constitution document 3 two speakers debate over how they believe a decision of high importance should be made.
Speaker A argues that the citizens of the united states should make decisions in regards to the greater good of the country. As for speaker B, this individual states that, "… only a well-educated group of elected officials should be trusted to make decisions for the good of all. This compromise is known today as virtual representation.
Instead of having a group of "highly-educated elected officials" to make the decisions for the country and instead of leaving it solely to the people to decide, the compromise met in the middle to somewhat please both arguments.
What ensued was a system where the people voted on a singular representative to represent them in the political system. The details of this compromise can be seen in Article I Section 1 of the United States constitution document 4. One important detail that is expressed in this section is the fact that "…The number of representatives in the House shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have a Representative…" This portion of the Constitution guaranteed that the needs of the people would be properly represented by an educated official and thus both arguments concerning this topic were left content.
This quenching of an argument is just one of the many important reasons why the constitution replaced the articles of confederation. In addition the compromises made for representation of the people, yet another compromise was augmented.
This compromise is known as the Three-Fifths compromise and is found in Article 1. What this compromise dealt with was how non voting slaves would be represented from state to state and also how each state would be taxed in relation to the number of people residing there.
Because slaves were unable to vote, slaveholders would have benefited by the increased representation in the House and Electoral College. Another crucial compromise provided by the Constitution pertains to the topic of slavery. During this time slaves were a significant component to the economy of the southern states, and therefore the union, because of their major role in the agricultural market.
Due to slaves considerable contributions to the functions of these states, the topic of abolishing slavery was a major concern.
The dependence that southern states had on slavery lead to the possibility of these states possibly seceding from the union if slavery was completely abolished.
In order to combat the disunion of the southern states Article 1. Section 9 document 9. Not only did this keep the southern states content; furthermore, it kept the Northern states, who were anti slavery, content as well. At the same time this section granted slave owners the right to continue using slaves that they owned previous to that date.Open Document.
Below is an essay on "Ratification of Us Constitution Dbq" from Anti Essays, your source for research papers, essays, and term paper examples.5/5(1). The debate went on in towns and villages across the country for months. Some of the smaller states ratified the new Constitution quickly, but in most states the debate continued, hi February of , the Massachusetts convention voted to to ratify the Constitution.
In June, Virginia ratified, 89 to New York followed almost . The dreaded DBQ, or “document-based question,” is an essay question type on the AP History exams (AP US History, AP European History, and AP World History). Buying the right soccer ball might have higher stakes than the AP exam.
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This document-based question consists of two parts. Part A consists of Constructed Response Questions and Part B consists of an essay response based on Documents Use black or dark ink to answer the question.
Historical Context: In , several states met in Philadelphia to revise the Articles of Confederation.
Events Affecting the Constitution. The immediate result of the decision of the Court was the rapid passage and ratification of the 11th Amendment by but particularly the election of Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency, South Carolina started the ball rolling for the Confederate States of America (The Confederacy or CSA).