Ringing, clicking, whistling in ear due to disorders in middle or inner ear Motion sickness Dysfunctions caused by stimulation of semicircular canals during motion Infections in the middle ear Earache Results from otitis media, dental abscesses, TMJ pain Effects of Aging on the Special Senses Slight loss in ability to detect odors Decreased sense of taste Lenses of eyes lose flexibility Development of cataracts, macular degeneration, glaucoma, diabetic retinopathy Decline in visual acuity and color perception About PowerShow.
Anatomy is the study of internal structure of organisms. Plant anatomy includes organisation and structure of tissues.
A group of similar cells alongwith intercellular substance which perform a specific function. The meristematic tissue is made up of the cells which have the capability to divide. Meristems in plants are restricted to a specialised regions and responsible to the growth of plants.
The buds which are present in the axils of leaves and are responsible for forming branches or flowers. The permanent tissues are derived from meristematic tissue and are composed of cells, which have lost the ability to divide.
It is formed of living, closely packed isodimetric cells. It provides mechanic support to the growing parts of the plant.
It is formed of dead cells with thick and lignified walls.
They have two types of cells: Xylem consists of tracheids, vessels, xylem fibres and xylem parenchyma. It conducts water and minerals from roots to other parts of plant.
The first formed primary xylem elements. The later formed primary xylem. Protoxylem lies towards the centre and metaxylem towards the periphery of the organ. Phloem consists of sieve tube elements, companion cells, phloem fibres and phloem parenchyma.
Phloem transports the food material from leaves to various parts of the plant. First formed phloem with narrow sieve tubes. Later formed phloem with bigger sieve tubes.
The Tissue System 1. It includes cuticle, epidermis, epidermal hairs, root hairs, trichomes and stomata. The ground tissue system: It is made up of parenchyma, collenchyma, sclerenchyma.
In dicot stems and roots the ground tissue is divided into hypodermis cortex, endodermis, pericycle, medullary rays and pith. The vascular tissue system: It includes vascular bundles which are made up of xylem and phloem. Secondary growth in dicot stem: An increase in the girth diameter in plants.
Vascular cambium and cork cambium lateral meristems are involved in secondary growth. Formation of cambial ring: Formation of secondary xylem and secondary phloem from cambial ring. Formation of spring wood and autumn wood.
Secondary growth in dicot root occurs with the activity of secondary meristems vascular cambium. This cambium is produced in the stele and cortex, and results in increasing the girth of dicot roots.Anatomy And Physiology Chapter 14 Digestive System Fluids Ph Digestive Stomach through the digestive tract while Center Virtual Tour.
Main parts of the nervous system and their functions. Main parts of the nervous system and their functions. Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter The Digestive System and Body Metabolism - Annotations Anatomy and Physiology: Chapter The Digestive System and Body Metabolism - Annotations Author: Stow, Kristen Subject-As you read your textbook, please fill out these notes.
Reviewed by Jennifer Mraz-Craig, Lecturer, Southern Utah University on 8/3/ I found the text to be comprehensive, covering the same topics of information as other Anatomy & Physiology textbooks I have seen, and in approximately the same order (smallest levels to larger levels of organization).
Chapter Cardiovascular System 1. Describe how the heart is positioned in the thoracic cavity. 2. List and describe the layers of the heart wall. Fundamentals of Anatomy & Physiology Chapter The Respiratory System 1. Explain the function of the respiratory system. 2. Name the organs of the system.
Dec 06, · CHAPTER 13 PHOTOSYNTHESIS IN HIGHER PLANTS Green plants carry out 'photosynthesis', a physico-chemical process by which they use light energy to drive the synthesis of organic compounds. Ultimately, all living forms on earth depend on sunlight for energy.
The use of energy from sunlight by plants doing photosynthesis is the basis of life on earth.. Anatomy Flashcards. Description Date Stars Chapter 1 Anatomy & Physiology ( cards) Endocrine System ( Chapter 13 and 14 Review (33 cards) 9.