Field works[ edit ] Lines of Torres Vedras Field works are as old as armies. Roman legionswhen in the presence of an enemy, entrenched camps nightly when on the move. They played a pivotal role in manoeuvring that took place before the Battle of Blenheim
Maps telling the story of Ancient Mesopotamia Overview and Timeline of Ancient Mesopotamian Civilization Mesopotamia is one of the cradles of human civilization. Here, the earliest cities in world history appeared, about BCE.
Timeline of Ancient Mesopotamian civilization: The first city-states gradually develop in southern Mesopotamia.
This is the achievement of the Sumerian people. Writing begins to be developed. At first this is based on pictograms, and takes about a thousand years to evolve into a full cuneiform script. King Sargon of Akkad starts conquering the first empire in world history.
The empire reaches its height in c. The city of Ur becomes the centre of a powerful Mesopotamian state. It soon falls into decline. This marks the decline of the Sumerians as the Amoritesa nomadic people, start moving into Mesopotamia.
King Hammurabi of Babylon conquers a large empire. Hammurabi is famous for the law code which he issues. His empire begins to decline immediately after his death.
After years the kingdom of Assyria conquers northern Mesopotamia from the Mitanni From Nomadic peoples such as the Aramaeans and the Chaldeans overrun much of Mesopotamia. The kingdoms of Babylon and Assyria go into temporary decline. Please see the article on Assyrian civilization for later developments within Mesopotamia.
The region is a vast, dry plain through which two great rivers, the Euphrates and Tigris, flow.
These rivers rise in mountain ranges to the north before flowing through Mesopotamia to the sea. As they approach the sea, the land becomes marshy, with lagoons, mud flats, and reed banks.
Today, the rivers unite before they empty into the Persian Gulf, but in ancient times the sea came much further inland, and they flowed into it as two separate streams.
As a result, much of it has been — and is still — home to herders of sheep and goat. These nomads move from the river pastures in the summer to the desert fringes in the winter, which get some rain at this time of year. At various times they have had a large impact on Mesopotamian history.
Near the rivers themselves, the soil is extremely fertile. It is made up of rich mud brought down by the rivers from the mountains, and deposited over a wide area during the spring floods.
When watered by means of irrigation channels, it makes some of the best farmland in the world. The marshy land near the sea also makes very productive farmland, once it had been drained. Here, the diet is enriched by the plentiful supply of fish to had from the lagoons and ponds.
It is this geography which gave rise to the earliest civilization in world history.
Agriculture is only possible in the dry climate of Mesopotamia by means of irrigation. With irrigation, however, farming is very productive indeed.Chivalry Medieval Warfare Free Download PC Game setup in single direct link for windows.
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American soldiers on the move. Up until the late 19th century, wars used to be fought almost exclusively as a series of set piece battles. Modern technology and other trends, such as asymmetric warfare have changed how wars are fought. Just War Theory. Just war theory deals with the justification of how and why wars are fought.
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