In agriculture[ edit ] InTrofim Lysenko, a previously unknown agronomistclaimed to have developed an agricultural technique, termed vernalizationwhich tripled or quadrupled crop yield by exposing wheat seed to high humidity and low temperature. While cold and moisture exposure are a normal part of the life cycle of autumn-seeded winter cereals, the vernalization technique claimed to increase yields by increasing the intensity of exposure, in some cases planting soaked seeds directly into the snow cover of frozen fields. In reality, the technique was neither new it had been known sinceand was extensively studied during the previous twenty yearsnor did it produce the yields he promised, although some increase in production did occur.
While there she met and married Isaakiy Semyonovich Solzhenitsyn, a young officer in the Imperial Russian Army of Cossack origin and fellow native of the Caucasus region.
The family background of his parents is vividly brought to life in the opening chapters of Augustand in the later Red Wheel novels. On 15 June, shortly after her pregnancy was confirmed, Isaakiy was killed in a hunting accident. Aleksandr was raised by his widowed mother and his aunt in lowly circumstances.
His earliest years coincided with the Russian Civil War. By the family property had been turned into a collective farm. Later, Solzhenitsyn recalled that his mother had fought for survival and that they had to keep his father's background in the old Imperial Army a secret.
His educated mother who never remarried encouraged his literary and scientific learnings and raised him in the Russian Orthodox faith;   she died in This eventually led to the novel August ; some of the chapters he wrote then still survive.
|Exactly What It Says on the Tin - TV Tropes||He is a working-class, somewhat uneducated man, and his daily struggle represents that of the average Russian citizen. He believes in God but is not religious.|
|Browse Literature Guide Titles||The Amazing Colossal Man is about a man who becomes bigger. Woman turns into giantess.|
At the same time he took correspondence courses from the Moscow Institute of Philosophy, Literature and History, at this time heavily ideological in scope. As he himself makes clear, he did not question the state ideology or the superiority of the Soviet Union until he spent time in the camps.
He was awarded the Order of the Red Star on 8 July for sound-ranging two German artillery batteries and adjusting counterbattery fire onto them, resulting in their destruction. The noncombatants and the elderly were robbed of their meager possessions and women and girls were gang-raped to death.
A few years later, in the forced labor camp, he memorized a poem titled " Prussian Nights " about these incidents. In this poem, which describes the gang-rape of a Polish woman whom the Red Army soldiers mistakenly thought to be a German, the first-person narrator comments on the events with sarcasm and refers to the responsibility of official Soviet writers like Ilya Ehrenburg.
In The Gulag ArchipelagoSolzhenitsyn wrote, "There is nothing that so assists the awakening of omniscience within us as insistent thoughts about one's own transgressions, errors, mistakes. After the difficult cycles of such ponderings over many years, whenever I mentioned the heartlessness of our highest-ranking bureaucrats, the cruelty of our executioners, I remember myself in my Captain's shoulder boards and the forward march of my battery through East Prussia, enshrouded in fire, and I say: He was accused of anti-Soviet propaganda under Article 58 paragraph 10 of the Soviet criminal code, and of "founding a hostile organization" under paragraph On 9 Mayit was announced that Germany had surrendered and all of Moscow broke out in celebrations with fireworks and searchlights illuminating the sky to celebrate the victory in the Great Patriotic War as Russians call the war with Germany.
There was no rejoicing in our cells and no hugs and no kisses for us.
That victory was not ours". This was the normal sentence for most crimes under Article 58 at the time. During his imprisonment at the camp in the town of Ekibastuz in Kazakhstan, he worked as a miner, bricklayer, and foundry foreman.
One of his fellow political prisoners, Ion Moraruremembers that Solzhenitsyn spent some of his time at Ekibastuz writing. His cancer was not diagnosed at the time. In Marchafter his sentence ended, Solzhenitsyn was sent to internal exile for life at Birlik,  a village in Baidibek district of South Kazakhstan region of Kazakhstan Kok-terek rural district.
Inhe was permitted to be treated in a hospital in Tashkentwhere his tumor went into remission. His experiences there became the basis of his novel Cancer Ward and also found an echo in the short story "The Right Hand".
It was during this decade of imprisonment and exile that Solzhenitsyn abandoned Marxism and developed the philosophical and religious positions of his later life, gradually becoming a philosophically-minded Eastern Orthodox Christian as a result of his experience in prison and the camps.
The narrative poem The Trail written without benefit of pen or paper in prison and camps between and and the 28 poems composed in prison, forced-labour camp, and exile also provide crucial material for understanding Solzhenitsyn's intellectual and spiritual odyssey during this period. These "early" works, largely unknown in the West, were published for the first time in Russian in and excerpted in English in They divorced ina year before his release, because wives of Gulag prisoners faced loss of work or residence permits.
After the end of his internal exile, they remarried in divorcing a second time in The following year Solzhenitsyn married his second wife, Natalia Dmitrievna Svetlova, a mathematician who had a son from a brief prior marriage.
YermolaiIgnatand Stepan Following his return from exile, Solzhenitsyn was, while teaching at a secondary school during the day, spending his nights secretly engaged in writing.
In his Nobel Prize acceptance speech he wrote that "during all the years untilnot only was I convinced I should never see a single line of mine in print in my lifetime, but, also, I scarcely dared allow any of my close acquaintances to read anything I had written because I feared this would become known.
It was published in edited form inwith the explicit approval of Nikita Khrushchevwho defended it at the presidium of the Politburo hearing on whether to allow its publication, and added: We must root out this evil. During Khrushchev's tenure, One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich was studied in schools in the Soviet Union, as were three more short works of Solzhenitsyn's, including his short story " Matryona's Home ", published in These would be the last of his works published in the Soviet Union until It caused as much of a sensation in the Soviet Union as it did in the West—not only by its striking realism and candor, but also because it was the first major piece of Soviet literature since the s on a politically charged theme, written by a non-party member, indeed a man who had been to Siberia for "libelous speech" about the leaders, and yet its publication had been officially permitted.
In this sense, the publication of Solzhenitsyn's story was an almost unheard of instance of free, unrestrained discussion of politics through literature. Most Soviet readers realized this, but after Khrushchev had been ousted from power inthe time for such raw exposing works came to an end.Lysenkoism (Russian: Лысе́нковщина, tr.
Lysenkovshchina) was a political campaign conducted by Trofim Lysenko, his followers and Soviet authorities against genetics and science-based heartoftexashop.como served as the director of the Soviet Union's Lenin All-Union Academy of Agricultural heartoftexashop.comoism began in the late s and formally ended in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, a novel by Ken Kesey, takes place in an insane asylum run by Miss Ratched, the Big Nurse, who rules over the patients .
Wherefore tongues are for a sign, not to them that believe, but to them that believe not: but prophesying serveth not for them that believe not, but for them which believe.: If therefore the whole church be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in those that are unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad?
QUOTE NOTE: Achebe was one of the first authors to describe European colonization from the perspective of native-born Africans.
Prior to his novel Things Fall Apart, almost all stories about Africa had been written by English and European heartoftexashop.com preceded his remark by saying: “Storytelling has to do with power.
The Day I will Never Forget - The Day I will Never Forget A punch a shove, "where is the money she boomed characteristercally.
I was now in a tornado of heartoftexashop.com situation was to ghastly to contemplate, "Our father who art in heaven, I made a silent prayer.
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