They all contain examples of appositives. Keep reading to learn more. Simple Guides Concerning Appositives Simply put, appositives are nouns that are used to rename or describe other nouns. They are used with the intent of providing additional information about a person, place or thing that has already been named.
Build on your basic knowledge of appositives An appositive is a noun or a pronoun often with modifiers that is beside another noun or pronounusually with the purpose of explaining or modifying it.
Now don't get nervous—we are ap-positive you'll be able to figure this out. Let's look at a relatively simple appositive: My brother Mark likes spaghetti. Mark is the appositive, and brother is the word the appositive describes.
Here's another one that's a little more complicated: My brother's bike, a dark green BMX, was stolen yesterday. A dark green BMX is the appositive, while bike is the noun the appositive describes.
Basic rules for appositives An appositive usually follows the word or phrase it modifies, but can be placed at the beginning or end of a sentence as well: An innovative writer, Leonard Cohen grew up in Montreal, Canada.
Here, we can see the noun and subject of the sentence is Leonard Cohen. In this academic writing in english appositive, we've put the modifying appositive, An innovative writer, at the beginning of the sentence and it works just fine.
When in doubt, remember this one rule At this point, you might be asking yourself if there's a rule regarding the use of commas as they relate to appositives. Well, you're in luck. Here's the rule our editors live by: Appositives that are not necessary in order to comprehend the full meaning of a sentence should be set off from the rest of the sentence with commas.
On the other hand, appositives that are necessary in order to comprehend the full meaning of a sentence should not be set off with commas. Here is an example: Police officer Smith told my brother to file a report about his stolen bike.
In this example, the appositive is necessary in order to understand the sentence, so we don't need to use commas. Smith tells you precisely which police officer I'm talking about and without it, the sentence would not make sense i.
Police officer told my brother to file a report about his stolen bike. Let's go back to one of our earlier examples: The speaker in the above sentence clearly wants you to understand that his or her brother's bike was stolen yesterday, but a dark green BMX is unnecessary in order to understand the meaning of the sentence.
We must therefore set off the appositive from the rest of the sentence with commas. Another way to think about this rule is that appositives that add extra information to a sentence should be set off from the main part of the sentence with commas.
Don't go too comma crazy It is also important to note that using commas inappropriately or too often is problematic. So keep in mind that not all unnecessary appositives need to be set off with two commas.
Our previous example with Leonard Cohen is an illustration of an appositive set off from the rest of the sentence with only one comma: Because the appositive comes at the beginning of the sentence, we need only one comma at the end of the appositive, separating it from the main part of the sentence.
At this point, I probably don't need to explain to you that the most important part of the sentence to understand is that Leonard Cohen is from Montreal, Canada. The fact he is an innovative writer is extra information.
Here's an example of an appositive at the end of a sentence: Mark was talking to Sheila, Bob's little sister. In this example, the person to whom the speaker is talking probably just wants to know what Mark was doing, so the fact that Sheila is Bob's little sister is extra information.As mentioned above, appositive phrases are useful when writing poetry or lyrics, but they are also useful in your everyday and academic writing, too.
Appositive phrases can help add variety to your writing that helps your audience stay interested in what you have to say. Uses of the Colon in English Writing. Introducing a List or an Appositive.
Right or Wrong?
The ingredients for the chocolate cake: flour, cocoa, butter, eggs, sugar, and vanilla extract. Wrong! The above sentence includes a list of cake ingredients introduced by a colon. In academic writing, relative clauses are often reduced for a more concise style.
This also creates more sentence variety. When reducing a relative clause, it is necessary to delete the relative pronoun and either delete or change the verb. In academic writing, there are certain words and phrases that are used consistently.
If a student is able to become familiar with these words and phrases, their academic writing will certainly improve faster and their comprehension of academic texts will increase. ESL Writing Tips. You are a professional and are very proficient at academic writing in your first language, but when it comes to translating your work into written English, suddenly you don't know your "ifs" from your "ofs.".
Academic Writing in English Lund University. Use a comma after phrases or clauses of more than three words that begin a sentence (unless it is the subject of the sentence).
If the phrase has fewer than three words, the comma is optional.
(23), or a restrictive appositive phrase (24), the subject will be followed by a comma anyway, as.